Authors: Percy Fernández-Dávila, Cinta Folch, Laia Ferrer, Raúl Soriano, Mercedes Diez, Jordi Casabona
Objectives: The aims of the study were to describe the sociodemographic profile of men who have sex with men (MSM) who have never been tested for HIV and to analyse factors associated with never having been tested.
Methods: The European MSM Internet Survey (EMIS) was implemented in 2010 in 38 European countries on websites for MSM and collected data on sociodemographics, sexual behaviour, and other sexual health variables. A logistic regression analysis was conducted to assess variables associated with never having been tested for HIV.
Results: Of the 13 111 respondents living in Spain, 26% had never been tested for HIV. Those who had never been tested were significantly more likely to live in a settlement with fewer than 100 000 inhabitants, be younger than 25 years old, have a lower education level, be a student, and identify themselves as bisexual. In the multivariate analysis, to have never been tested for HIV was associated with being born in Spain [odds ratio (OR) 1.35; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.192–1.539], living outside large settlements (OR 1.37; 95% CI 1.216–1.534), being younger than 25 years old (OR 2.94; 95% CI 2.510–3.441), being out to no one or only a few people (OR 2.16; 95% CI 1.938–2.399), having had no nonsteady partners in the last 12 months (OR 1.26; 95% CI 1.109–1.422), and being not at all confident to access HIV testing (OR 3.66; 95% CI 2.676–5.003), among others factors.
Conclusions: The profile of the MSM who had never been tested for HIV indicates that most of them were men who were hard to reach (young, bisexual men, in the closet). Interventions should aim to improve access to and the convenience of testing.